FAPA REGARDING CUBA
22 journalists imprisoned since March 2003
Víctor Rolando Arroyo Carmona denied treatment
In Cuba, they don't just censor you now - they throw you in jail. Fidel
Castro's police rounded up 27 independent journalists on 18 March 2003,
along with more than 50 political dissidents, all for the same reason.
At the beginning of April, Cuban courts dispatched each of these journalists
to prison for between 14 and 27 years after three days of sham trials.
They were punished for allegedly working with the United States "against
the independence and territorial integrity of the state," which is
a crime under article 91 of the Cuban criminal code and under article
88 on "protecting national independence" (known as the "gag
FAPA REGARDING VIET NAM
The media are under official control, though there is rivalry between them. The state is in the hands of the ruling Communist Party, which stepped up repression of dissidents, especially journalists, who use the Internet to put out their news.
FAPA REGARDING CHINA
Government brutally breaks up South Korean parliamentarians' press conference
"China should allow Chinese and foreign journalists to report freely
on North Korea", it said in a
FAPA REGARDING NORTH KOREA
North Korea was the world's
worst violator of press freedom, according to the global ranking carried
out by Reporters Without Borders in 2002. This Stalinist bastion had absolutely
no form of press pluralism. All the news media were focussed on the personality
cult of Kim Jong Il.
REPORTERS WITHOUT BORDERS REGARDING CUBA
28 January 2005 Open letter to European Union foreign ministers
27 January 2005
Following the release of 14 dissidents in 2004 and the Cuban authorities' recent decision to renew relations with European Union (EU) countries, you will decide on 31 January with your counterparts from the 24 other member countries on a review of the June 2003 measures taken against Cuba. Reporters Without Borders wishes to draw your attention to the absence of noticeable progress in respect for press freedom in this country and urges you to decide to maintain and even extend the policy of support for dissidents.
Our organization obviously welcomed the release of Raúl Rivero
and three other journalists a few weeks ago. But 22 of their colleagues
are still detained, which makes Cuba the world's biggest prison for the
To make their voices heard, the European Union member states decided to reduce their cooperation with the Cuban authorities, limit high-level governmental visits of a bilateral nature, reduce the importance of the participation by member states in cultural ceremonies and invite Cuban dissidents to events organized for national day celebrations.
While the European Union Committee on Latin America (COLAT) advocates the suspension of these measures, Reporters Without Borders is calling for them to be maintained or even strengthened. Firstly because these measures, especially the invitations to attend official functions, extricate the dissidents from the confrontation between Cuba and the United States, in which President Castro's government tries to enclose them.
Secondly because the Castro regime has never made any concessions on respect for human rights and political pluralism in the course of political dialogue. The Cuban government currently shows no sign that a resumption of dialogue would result in significant progress in these areas. Indeed, there has never been such extensive dialogue between the European Union and Cuba as during the months preceding the March 2003 "Black Spring," when Cuba had been on the point of benefiting from the Cotonou Accords.
Furthermore, the Cuban government's announcement that it has normalized
relations with the EU in no way constitutes a concession as it was Cuba
that broke them off in reprisal for the measures adopted by the EU.
That is why Reporters Without Borders hopes that you will decide in favor
of maintaining the measures adopted after the wave of arrests in March
2003 and recommend more active support for the democrats and civil society
that is now being repressed.
Robert Ménard Secretary-General
FAPA REGARDING HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS
Respecting and promoting human rights is not considered a legitimate activity and has been given the stigma of treason to Cuban sovereignty. No human rights group has been granted a legal status, instead human rights advocates face a systematic harassment, by means of which the government seriously interferes their possibility and capacity to properly observe the situation of human rights. The government of Cuba does not allow international human rights groups missions to enter the country as is the case of Human Rights Watch, and Cuba continues to be one of the few countries in the world and the only country in the western hemisphere which denies access to prisons to The International Committee of The RED CROSS.
ONE OF THE ARBITRARY
INCARCERATION OF MANY
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